Durga Saptashati

Durga Saptashati

Durga Saptashati www.StotraVeda.com
Durga Saptashati
 

Durga Saptashati which is also known as Devi Mahatmya and Chandi Path or Devi Bhagavatham is a Hindu religious text describing the victory of the Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. It is part of the Markandeya Purana, written by sage Markandeya.

The text contains Saptashata i.e. 700 verses and because of that the whole composition is known as Durga Saptashati. The seven hundred verses are arranged into 13 chapters. For ritual reading purposes a number of subsidiary texts are appended before and after of 700 verses. A ritualistic reading of Durga Saptashati is part of the Navratri (nine days of worship in the months of April and October) celebrations in the honor of the Goddess Durga. It is the base and root of the Shakta tradition.

The Devi Mahatmaya describes how Devi assumes many aspects, according to the tasks to be performed by her, sometimes sweet and tender, and at others terrible and devouring. Devi is the deluding power which binds man to the relentlessly moving wheel of samsara; she deludes even the wisest of men. Yet she is the one who bestows liberation on the devotee who pleases her. For the sake of the continuance of her divine play, she as avidya-maya, has veiled the truth from us and bound us to samsara. When she is propitiated through the practice of sincere devotion and self-surrender, she as vidya-maya, removes the veil and enables us to perceive the truth. The Saptashati refers to her as Mahavidya, Mahamaya, Mahamedha, Mahasmriti, Mahamoha, Mahadevi and Maheshwari. She is Parabrahma-Mahishi, the queen and sovereign of all existence. Her compassion takes the form of aspiration in the aspirant, sadhana in the sadhaka, siddhi in the siddha. She is the truth behind thought, willing, feeling, understanding, action, name and form. It says (11:6):

“Vidyassamastastava Devi bhedah
Striyassamastah sakala jagatsu
Tvayaikaya puritamambayaitat
Kaa te stutih stavyapara paroktih”

Meaning : ‘Mother, all arts and sciences, all branches of knowledge, are your modifications, all women in the world are your manifestations. You alone pervade the entire creation.’

The conception of the Infinite as Mother is not a meaningless one. The Riga Veda bears testimony to the fact that even in ancient times there existed the belief that the supreme ruler is the all-compassionate Mother.

The conception of divinity as Devi, Durga or Sri, is not merely a theory but a practical way of life. The mother is the personality that appeals most to the human heart, whereas the father is perceived as a hard taskmaster. Even a subtle philosopher cannot dispense with the conception of Shakti, for he is essentially an embodiment of power, and has love for power. The highest intelligence and the most speculative metaphysics is only a manifestation of jnana shakti and is not outside the range of Shaktism.
 
Durga Saptashati is a significant composition to perform Chandi Homa which is one of the most significant Homa(s) done to gain health and to conquer over enemies. Chandi Homa is performed while chanting verses from Durga Saptashati. Total 700 Ahuti i.e. offering to Goddess Durga through sacred fire are made during Chandi Homa.

Durga Saptashati Path Vidhi(How to Read-Rules to Read Durga Saptashati/Chandi Saptashati):

 
In the morning, after taking a bath and finishing one’s daily worship or other rituals, one should sit on an asana facing North or East and try to evoke a state of concentration and devotion.
The paath (reading) is most effective when done with firm faith, devotion and correct pronunciation. During the time of reading, one should try not to talk, sleep, sneeze, yawn or spit, but read with complete concentration on Devi in the form which appeals to one. One should not stop in the middle of a chapter. It is good to place the book on a stand, preferably a copper plate.
At the beginning and end of each chapter, bells may be rung. Before starting the paath, affirm the purpose for which you are performing it – make a resolve, sankalpa, and perform worship of Devi.
Navaratri is an ideal period for the paath of Durga Saptashati; however, in the other months, Tuesday, Friday and Saturday are considered auspicious days of the week for beginning the reading. The ideal days of the lunar calendar are ashtami (eighth day of the moon), navami (ninth day of the moon) and chaturdashi (fourteenth day of the moon).
The Saptashati may be read daily and completed in seven days in the following manner of division of chapters.
 
Day One: first chapter.
Day Two: second and third.
Day Three: fourth.
Day Four: fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth. Day Five: ninth and tenth.
Day Six: eleventh.
Day Seven: twelfth and thirteenth.
 
This is the traditional rule. It is believed that whatever sankalpa the Saptashati is read with, will be fulfilled. Since Shakti is the basis for all iccha (desire), jnana (knowledge) and kriya (action), one cannot stay out of the realm of Shakti. An individual is but Shakti, and hence one can have everything through the worship of Shakti. The reading should be in the following order:

 

Devi Suktam
Devi Kavacham
Argala Stotram
Keelakam
Ratri Suktam
Devi Mahatmya
Kshama Prarthana

 
Devi Suktam:
The eight verses of the Devi Suktam were composed by Vak, daughter of Maharshi Ambharin, and are from the Rig Veda (10th mandala, 10th anuvaka, 125th sukta). These shlokas express the truth realized by Vak, who identifies herself as Brahma Shakti, and expresses herself as eleven Rudras, eight Vasus, twelve Adityas and all the devas who are sustained by her and she is the source, substratum and support of the whole world.
 
Devi Kavacham:
Consisting of 61 verses, Devi Kavacham is in Markandeya Purana. This kavacham (armour) protects the reader in all parts of the body, in all places and in all difficulties. Every part of the body is mentioned and Devi, in different forms, is being worshipped.
 
Argala Stotram:
Here, Rishi Markandeya tells his disciples in twenty-seven inspiring couplets about the greatness of Devi. She has been described in all aspects and names and at the end of each shloka, prayer is offered to Devi for material prosperity, physical fitness, fame and victory.
 
Keelakam:
Here also, Rishi Markandeya tells his disciples in sixteen shlokas the ways and means of removing obstacles faced by devotees while reading Devi Mahatmya. Reading of Keelakam brings blessings of Devi, spiritual harmony, peace of mind and success in all pursuits.
 
Ratri Suktam:
The eight shlokas here have been taken from the Rig Veda (10th mandala, 10th anuvaka, 127th sukta). Devi is described as the all-pervading Supreme Lord of the universe appearing in Omkara. Ratri means ‘she who fulfils our prayers’.
 
Devi Mahatmya:
The text is divided into three parts:
 
Prathama (first)
Madhyama (middle)
Uttara (final)
 
The first chapter describes the glory of Maha Kali, the second, third and the fourth chapters glorify Maha Lakshmi, and the last nine chapters from the fifth to the thirteenth glorify Maha Saraswati.
 
Kshama Prarthana:
It is the concluding prayer to Devi seeking pardon for any errors that may have been committed during the paath or otherwise.
 
Devi Mahatmyam full in Telugu, Sanskrit /Devanagari,English-Sri Durga Saptasati full in Telugu ,Sanskrit /Devanagari, English given below:

Keelaka Stotram Devi Mahatmyam for the Pure Knowledge of Absolute Consciousness

Argala Stotram-Durga Saptashati with meaning

Siddha Kunjika Stotram in English ,Telugu,Sanskrit with Meaning

Devi Aparaadha Kshamapana Stotram with Meaning

1. Durga Saptashati Pratham Adhyay- Chapter First-Slokas and Story  

 
 
Complete Devi Bhagavatham:   Devi Bhagavatham Download Now Here
 
 
 
दुर्गा सप्तशती के अलग-अलग अध्यायों का अपना-अपना महत्व है जिनका यदि भक्तिभाव से पाठ किया जाए तो फल बड़ी जल्दी मिलता है, लेकिन लालच से किया पाठ फल नहीं देता। यदि किसी भी जातक को राहू, शनि, मंगल से बुरे फल मिल रहे हों तो ये अध्याय पूरी क्षमता रखते हैं उनके बुरे दोषों को दूर करने में। हर अध्याय का अपना एक महत्व है-

1. प्रथम अध्याय : हर प्रकार की चिंता मिटाने के लिए। मानसिक विकारों की वजह से आ रही अड़चनों को दूर करता है, मन को सही दिशा की ओर ले जाता है तथा जो चेतना खो गई है उसको एकत्र करता है।

2. द्वितीय अध्याय : मुकदमे, झगड़े आदि में विजय पाने के लिए यह पाठ काम करता है। लेकिन झूठा और आपने गलत किसी पर किया हो तो फल नहीं मिलता बल्कि आप खुद बुरा परिणाम भोगेंगे।

3. तृतीय अध्याय : शत्रु से छुटकारा पाने के लिए। शत्रु यदि बिना कारण बन रहे हैं और नुकसान का पता न चल रहा हो कि कौन कर रहा है तो यह पाठ उपयुक्त हैं।

4. चतुर्थ अध्याय : भक्ति, शक्ति तथा दर्शन के लिए। जो साधना से जुड़े होते व समाज हित में साधना को चेतना देना चाहते हैं तो यह पाठ फल देता है।

5. पंचम अध्याय : भक्ति, शक्ति तथा दर्शन के लिए। हर तरह से परेशान हो चुके लोग जो यह सोचते हैं कि हर मंदिर-दरगाह जाकर भी कुछ नहीं मिला, वे यह पाठ नियमित करें।

6. षष्ठम अध्याय : डर, शक, बाधा हटाने के लिए। राहु का अधिक खराब होना, केतु का पीड़ित होना, तंत्र, जादू, भूत इस तरह के डर पैदा करता है तो आप इस अध्याय का पाठ करें।

7. सप्तम अध्याय : हर कामना पूर्ण करने के लिए। सच्चे दिल से जो कामना आप करते हैं जिसमें किसी का अहित न हो तो यह अध्याय कारगर है।8. अष्टम अध्याय : मिलाप व वशीकरण के लिए। वशीकरण गलत तरीके नहीं अपितु भलाई के लिए हो और कोई बिछड़ गया है तो यह असरकारी है।

9. नवम अध्याय : गुमशुदा की तलाश, हर प्रकार की कामना एवं पुत्र आदि के लिए। बहुत से लोग जो घर छोड़ जाते हैं या खो जाते हैं, यह पाठ उसके लौटने का साधन बनता है।

10. दशम अध्याय : गुमशुदा की तलाश, हर प्रकार की कामना एवं पुत्र आदि के लिए। अच्छे पुत्र की कामना रखने वाले या बच्चे गलत रास्ते पर चल रहे हों तो यह पाठ पूर्ण फलदायी है।

11. एकादश अध्याय : व्यापार व सुख-संपत्ति की प्राप्ति के लिए। कारोबार में हानि हो रही है, पैसा नहीं रुकता या बेकार के कामों में नष्ट हो जाता है तो यह करें।

12. द्वादश अध्याय : मान-सम्मान तथा लाभ प्राप्ति के लिए। इज्जत जिंदगी का एक हिस्सा है। यदि इस पर कोई आरोप-प्रत्यारोप करता हो तो यह पाठ करें।

13. त्रयोदश अध्याय : भक्ति प्राप्ति के लिए। साधना के बाद पूर्ण भक्ति के लिए यह पाठ करें।